IS toont beelden van verwoesting historische tempel in Palmyra

An undated image, which appears to be a screenshot from a video and which was published by the Islamic State group in the Homs province (Welayat Homs) on August 25, 2015, allegedly shows smoke billowing from the Baal Shamin temple in Syria's ancient city of Palmyra. The temple was reportedly destroyed by the extremist group and news of its demolition sparked international condemnation earlier this week. AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS === RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS FROM ALTERNATIVE SOURCES, AFP IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DIGITAL ALTERATIONS TO THE PICTURE'S EDITORIAL CONTENT, DATE AND LOCATION WHICH CANNOT BE INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED ===

Islamitische Staat heeft propagandafoto’s verspreid van de verwoesting van de eeuwenoude tempel van Baalshamin in de historische stad Palmyra. 

Op de foto’s is te zien hoe extremisten explosieven plaatsen in de 2.000 jaar oude tempel. Een ander beeld toont vanop een afstand een grijze rookpluim boven de tempel, en op nog een laatste foto is alleen nog een hoop brokstukken en stenen te zien.

Bij een van de beelden staat het onderschrift “de complete verwoesting van de heidense tempel van Baalshamin”. De foto’s zijn nog niet geverifieerd.

Oorlogsmisdaad

Eerder deze week had het Syrische directoraat-generaal Antiquiteiten en Musea laten weten dat de eeuwenoude tempel door IS was opgeblazen. De Unesco, de culturele organisatie van de Verenigde Naties, noemde de verwoesting een oorlogsmisdaad.

De oudste delen van het bouwwerk ter ere van de Semitische god Baalshamin dateren van 17 na Christus. De tempel werd in het jaar 130 verfraaid en uitgebreid in opdracht van de Romeinse keizer Hadrianus.

‘Afgoderij’

Palmyra was tot voor de burgeroorlog de belangrijkste toeristische trekpleister van Syrië, en is sinds mei in handen van IS. Er heerst al maanden grote bezorgdheid over de toekomst van de archeologische site.

De extremisten van IS vernielden ook al beelden en kunstschatten in Irak. Officieel is dat om ‘afgoderij’ tegen te gaan, maar vermoedelijk worden er ook veel schatten doorverkocht om de oorlogskas te spekken.

An undated image, which appears to be a screenshot from a video and which was published by the Islamic State group in the Homs province (Welayat Homs) on August 25, 2015, allegedly shows Jihadists preparing explosives in the Baal Shamin temple in Syria's ancient city of Palmyra. The temple was reportedly destroyed by the extremist group and news of its demolition sparked international condemnation earlier this week. AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS  === RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS FROM ALTERNATIVE SOURCES, AFP IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DIGITAL ALTERATIONS TO THE PICTURE'S EDITORIAL CONTENT, DATE AND LOCATION WHICH CANNOT BE INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED ===
Jihadisten dragen explosieven de tempel binnen. AFP PHOTO
An undated image, which appears to be a screenshot from a video and which was published by the Islamic State group in the Homs province (Welayat Homs) on August 25, 2015, allegedly shows explosives placed on parts of  columns of the Baal Shamin temple in Syria's ancient city of Palmyra. The temple was reportedly destroyed by the extremist group and news of its demolition sparked international condemnation earlier this week. AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS  === RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS FROM ALTERNATIVE SOURCES, AFP IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DIGITAL ALTERATIONS TO THE PICTURE'S EDITORIAL CONTENT, DATE AND LOCATION WHICH CANNOT BE INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED ===
Explosieven op zuilen van de tempel van Baalshamin. AFP PHOTO
An undated image, which appears to be a screenshot from a video and which was published by the Islamic State group in the Homs province (Welayat Homs) on August 25, 2015, allegedly shows rubble at the location of the Baal Shamin temple in Syria's ancient city of Palmyra. The temple was reportedly destroyed by the extremist group and news of its demolition sparked international condemnation earlier this week. AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS  === RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HO / WELAYAT HOMS" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS FROM ALTERNATIVE SOURCES, AFP IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DIGITAL ALTERATIONS TO THE PICTURE'S EDITORIAL CONTENT, DATE AND LOCATION WHICH CANNOT BE INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED ===
De overblijfselen van het eeuwenoude bouwwerk. AFP PHOTO
Een archiefbeeld van het bouwwerk. Wikimedia / B. Gagnon
Een archiefbeeld van het bouwwerk. Wikimedia / B. Gagnon