Eerste vrouwen treden toe tot elitekorps Amerikaans leger

In this April 20, 2015 US Army handout photo, obtained August 20, 2015, Captain Kristen Griest(C) and other soldiers conduct combatives training during the Ranger Course on Fort Benning, Georgia. Soldiers attend Ranger school to learn additional leadership and small unit technical and tactical skills in a physically and mentally demanding, combat simulated environment. Two American women will on August 21, 2015 become the first female soldiers to graduate from the elite and hugely demanding Ranger School which feeds the US special forces, the military said. Graduates of the Ranger School training program are some of the toughest and most physically fit soldiers in the US Army, and can go on into the 75th Ranger Regiment, an elite special operations force. But the women will still not be able to serve with the regiment, which has yet to lift its bar on female soldiers, although a number of other special forces units have opened the way for women to serve with them. The notoriously challenging Ranger School welcomed women for the first time this year, following President Barack Obama's 2013 request that the Pentagon order all branches of the armed forces to open up ground combat roles to women by 2016. AFP PHOTO /US ARMY/SPC. NIKAYLA SHODEEN /HANDOUT = RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US ARMY / SPC. NIKAYLA SHODEEN"/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS =

Voor het eerst zijn twee vrouwen erin geslaagd de opleiding als Army Ranger, het elitekorps van het Amerikaanse leger, af te maken. Army Rangers zijn ‘special forces’ die overal ter wereld binnen de 18 uur kunnen worden ingezet. 

De twee vrouwen die de zware opleiding met succes voltooiden zijn kapitein Kristen Griest (26) en luitenant Shaye Haver (25). «Dit bewijst dat we dingen fysiek en mentaal kunnen aanpakken, en dat we met dezelfde stress om kunnen als mannen», aldus Griest. Vandaag studeert ze af, samen met 94 mannen.

In this US Army file photo, Army Capt. Kristen Griest(L) participates in combatives training during the Ranger Course Assessment(RCA) on April 20, 2015 at Ft. Benning, Georgia. Greist is one of two women who will on August 21, 2015 become the first female soldiers to graduate from the elite Ranger School combat leadership course, the military said. Graduates of the training program are some of the toughest and most physically fit soldiers in the US Army, trained in airborne and air assault operations. The women who graduate this week will still not be allowed to serve with the 75th Ranger Regiment, which has yet to lift its bar on female soldiers. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US ARMY / PFC. ANTONIO LEWIS          == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US ARMY / PFC. ANTONIO LEWIS  "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Kapitein Kristen Griest neemt deel aan een gevechtstraining in Fort Benning in de staat Georgia. AFP PHOTO / US ARMY

 

De twee maanden durende training in Fort Benning, Georgia, omvat onder meer oefeningen in bossen, bergen en moerasland. Naast zware fysieke proeven moeten de infanteristen ook mentaal erg sterk staan, door bijvoorbeeld lange tijd met weinig voedsel of slaap te blijven functioneren. Van diegenen die aan de opleiding beginnen, maakt gemiddeld slechts 42% ze af.

In this US Army handout photo, first Lt. Shaye Haver is shown here in Ranger School training during the Mountain Phase in northern Georgia on July 12, 2015. Haver is one of two women who will on August 21, 2015 become the first female soldiers to graduate from the elite Ranger School combat leadership course, the military said. Graduates of the training program are some of the toughest and most physically fit soldiers in the US Army, trained in airborne and air assault operations. The women who graduate this week will still not be allowed to serve with the 75th Ranger Regiment, which has yet to lift its bar on female soldiers. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US ARMY / PFC. YVETTE ZABALA-GARRIGA            == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US ARMY / PFC. YVETTE ZABALA-GARRIGA "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Luitenant Shaye Haver, tijdens haar training in de bergen van Noord-Georgia. AFP PHOTO / US ARMY

 

Verboden terrein voor vrouwen 

De Army Rangers voeren wereldwijd bijvoorbeeld verrassingsaanvallen of bevrijdingsacties uit. Ze waren al actief in Vietnam, Panama, Afghanistan, Irak en het toenmalige Korea.

Het is nog niet duidelijk of Griest en Haver overal zullen mogen meevechten. Nu zijn bepaalde gevechtsposities nog verboden terrein voor vrouwelijke soldaten. Tegen het einde van het jaar beslist het Pentagon of daar verandering in komt.