IN BEELD. Britten herdenken aanslagen in Londen

British Prime Minister David Cameron (R) and London Mayor Boris Johnson take part in a wreath laying ceremony in London's Hyde Park on July 7, 2015, in memory of the 52 victims of the 7/7 London attacks. Britain on Tuesday marked 10 years since the London bombings with a minute's silence for the 52 victims, less than a fortnight after an attack in Tunisia highlighted the ongoing Islamist threat. AFP PHOTO / NIKLAS HALLE'N

In Groot-Brittannië wordt vandaag stilgestaan bij de vier zelfmoordaanslagen op het Londense openbaar vervoer die precies tien jaar geleden werden gepleegd. Vier symphatisanten van al-Qaeda bliezen zich op 7 juli 2005 op, met 52 doden tot gevolg.

 De herdenking begon om 8.50 uur, het tijdstip van de eerste aanslag, met een kranslegging aan het 7 July Memorial in Hyde Park. Premier David Cameron en Boris Johnson, de burgemeester van Londen, legden bloemenkransen neer.

British Prime Minister David Cameron (R) and London Mayor Boris Johnson prepare to lay wreaths during a wreath laying ceremony in London's Hyde Park on July 7, 2015, in memory of the 52 victims of the 7/7 London attacks. Britain on Tuesday marked 10 years since the London bombings with a minute's silence for the 52 victims, less than a fortnight after an attack in Tunisia highlighted the ongoing Islamist threat.  AFP PHOTO / ANTHONY DEVLIN/POOL
AFP PHOTO / ANTHONY DEVLIN
Floral tributes and messages are pictured following a wreath laying ceremony in London's Hyde Park on July 7, 2015, in memory of the 52 victims of the 7/7 London attacks. Britain on Tuesday marked 10 years since the London bombings with a minute's silence for the 52 victims, less than a fortnight after an attack in Tunisia highlighted the ongoing Islamist threat. AFP PHOTO / NIKLAS HALLE'N
AFP PHOTO / NIKLAS HALLE’N
A message written by London Mayor Boris Johnson is pictured amongst floral tributes following a wreath laying ceremony in London's Hyde Park on July 7, 2015, in memory of the 52 victims of the 7/7 London attacks. Britain on Tuesday marked 10 years since the London bombings with a minute's silence for the 52 victims, less than a fortnight after an attack in Tunisia highlighted the ongoing Islamist threat. AFP PHOTO / NIKLAS HALLE'N
AFP PHOTO / NIKLAS HALLE’N
British Prime Minister David Cameron (R) and London Mayor Boris Johnson lay wreaths during a wreath laying ceremony in London's Hyde Park on July 7, 2015, in memory of the 52 victims of the 7/7 London attacks. Britain on Tuesday marked 10 years since the London bombings with a minute's silence for the 52 victims, less than a fortnight after an attack in Tunisia highlighted the ongoing Islamist threat.   AFP PHOTO / STEVE PARSONS/POOL
AFP PHOTO / STEVE PARSONS

Om 11.30 uur Britse tijd werd in het hele land een minuut stilte in acht genomen, ook op het tennistornooi van Wimbledon. Later op de dag volgt onder meer een dienst in St. Paul’s Cathedral.

Members of the emergency services stand in a line under the big screen at the back of No 1 Court to observe a minute's silence in memory of the 52 people who were killed in the 2005 London suicide bombings on day eight of the 2015 Wimbledon Championships at The All England Tennis Club in Wimbledon, southwest London, on July 7, 2015. Britain on July 7, 2015 commemorated the 10th anniversary of the London suicide bombings that claimed 52 lives, starting with a wreath-laying ceremony at the Hyde Park memorial in honour of the victims.  RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE  --   AFP PHOTO / ADRIAN DENNIS
AFP PHOTO / ADRIAN DENNIS

Vier aanslagen

De daders pleegden tussen 8.51 uur en 9.17 uur aanslagen op drie metrotreinen:

  • Op nummer 204 op de Circle Line, tussen de stations Liverpool Street en Aldgate
  • Op nummer 216 op de Circle Line, tussen de stations Edgware Road en Paddington
  • Op nummer 311 op de Piccadilly Line, tussen de stations King’s Cross St. Pancras en Russell Square
A Metropolitan Police handout released 09 July 2005 shows the London Underground train which was involved in the 07 July bomb attack at Aldgate tube station in London. Britain's security services were ill-equipped to prevent the July 7 London bombings in which 56 people died because of a lack of resources, an official report concluded on Thursday. The text, by an influential committee of lawmakers, noted that two of the four suicide bombers who targeted London's transport network, had come to the attention of the intelligence authorites. However, nothing was done about them because "there were more pressing priorities," the long-awaited report said. AFP PHOTO / Metropolitan Police /WPA POOL
AFP PHOTO / Metropolitan Police

Bijna een uur later ontplofte een vierde bom op een dubbeldeksbus in Tavistock Square, een plein in de wijk Camden.

epa00764569 A file photo of the bus destroyed in a terrorist bomb explosion 07 July 2005 in Woburn Place, London. On July 7, 2006 Britain will mark the first anniversary of the London suicide bombings which claimed the lives of 52 passengers, left more than 700 wounded, and rocked previous convictions by many British  that "it could not happen to us".  EPA/Peter Macdiarmid/POOL
EPA/Peter Macdiarmid
epa00570644 (FILES) A July 7th 2005 file photo of the London double-decker bus that was blown up in Tavistock Place, central London during a series of terrorist bomb attacks on the capital.  Britain's members of Parliament will vote on Wednesday, 09 November on  a controversial bill which will enable terrorist suspects to be held without charge for up to 90 days. Many of prime minister Tony Blair's own political party as well as the Opposition Conservatives are opposed to going beyond a 28 day limit.  EPA/LINDSEY PARNABY
EPA/LINDSEY PARNABY

Volgens een onderzoeksrapport uit 2006 waren de daders onopvallende, geïntegreerde jonge Britten met Pakistaanse en Jamaicaanse roots, die in Leeds en Aylesbury woonden. Ze pleegden de aanslagen “uit woede over gepercipieerde onrechtvaardigheden van het Westen ten opzichte van moslims” en een “wens voor het martelaarschap”.

Lockerbie

De aanslagen van 7/7 waren de zwaarste op Brits grondgebied sinds de aanslag op een Pan Am-vliegtuig boven het Schotse plaatsje Lockerbie op 21 december 1988, waarbij 259 mensen omkwamen.

Premier Cameron liet tijdens de herdenkingsdienst weten dat de recente moord op toeristen in Tunesië – dertig slachtoffers waren Brits – een herinnering is dat de dreiging van terreur nog altijd bestaat.